Interesting and Technical problems solved and explained

Using AWS CDK to deploy a Deno layer and sample Deno application



This is an example project showing:

  • TypeScript
  • Deploying a new layer in a CDK project and deploy a function that will use the layer.


Github Link


  • AWS CDK npm install -g aws-cdk
  • Node.js - Download Link
  • An AWS account
  • Local credentials ( unless using Cloud 9 )
  • jq Download Link ( not required but very useful )


I have been following Deno for a little while, it’s nice to use strong typing in JavaScript however the transpilers are a slight overhead. Deno does away with this and allows the use of TypeScript without compilation.

The CDK stack project is still using TypeScript that is compiled however you can see in tsconfig.json that /src/program is excluded meaning we dont need to compile test files.


The stack consists of:

  • Lambda layer that enables Deno runtime
  • A Lambda function
  • An API gateway

To start off clone the repo and cd into the folder then run:

npm install
npm run watch

This will start monitoring the CDK stack TypScript files and compile them to vanilla JavaScript. Keep an eye on the terminal as it will compile the stack code as you make changes and save, and you’ll be able to spot mistakes pre runtime.

Layers in CDK

How do we define a layer in CDK? I decided not to build the runtime in this example but show how to deploy a built runtime. I took the latest release from: and unzipped the contents into src/layer folder. These file are what is required to run Demo. In CDK we define a new layer:

const layer = new lambda.LayerVersion(this, 'deno-layer', {
    code: lambda.Code.fromAsset('src/layer'),
    compatibleRuntimes: [lambda.Runtime.PROVIDED],
    license: 'Apache-2.0',
    description: 'A layer that enables Deno to run in AWS Lambda',

Lambda function:

We can see that AWS provide the lambda.Runtime.PROVIDED value for use when we are leveraging a custom runtime. The code will come from src/program folder, in this case a single file called name.ts this file is directly deployed as a TypeScript file. When we create the function we pass in the layer defined above ( that value will be the ARN of the layer ). The handler is the name of the file ( eg name )

const name = new lambda.Function(this, 'NameHandler', {
      runtime: lambda.Runtime.PROVIDED,
      code: lambda.Code.fromAsset('src/program'),
      handler: 'name.handler',
      layers: layer,

API Gateway

// API Gateway 
new apigw.LambdaRestApi(this, 'Endpoint', {
  handler: name

Sample App:

The sample program is very simple, using the good old Object Oriented “Person” example we create a person, it shows private variables, and the use of a getter and a constructor.

import {
} from "";

export async function handler(
  event: APIGatewayProxyEvent,
  context: Context
): Promise<APIGatewayProxyResult> {
  return {
    statusCode: 200,
    headers: { "Content-Type": "text/json" },
    body: JSON.stringify(constructResponse(event)),

class Person {
  private _fullName: string;
  get fullName(): string {
    return this._fullName + '!';
  constructor(firstName: string, ) {
      this._fullName = firstName;

class Result {
  user: Person;
  message: string;
  constructor(u: Person, m: string){
    this.message = m;
    this.user = u;

const constructResponse = (event: APIGatewayProxyEvent) => {
  let name = event.path.replace("/","");
  let p = new Person(name);
  let r = new Result(p, `Hi ${p.fullName}, Welcome to deno ${Deno.version.deno} 🦕`);

  return r;


When you are ready to deploy, run cdk bootstrap then cdk deploy

Outputs will look like:

 ✅  CdkOneStack

CdkOneStack.Endpoint8024A810 = https://your-url/prod/

CdkOneStack is defined in:/bin/cdk-one.ts you can change the name of the stack if you desire:

```#!/usr/bin/env node import * as cdk from ‘@aws-cdk/core’; import { CdkOneStack } from ‘../lib/cdk-one-stack’;

const app = new cdk.App(); new CdkOneStack(app, ‘CdkOneStack’); // <- Stack name>

# Call your function!
You can call this by issuing the command:
curl https://your-url/prod/Your-Name-Here | jq
  "message": "Hi Your-Name-Here!, Welcome to deno 1.0.2 🦕",
  "user": {
    "_fullName": "Your-Name-Here"



The cdk.json file tells the CDK Toolkit how to execute your app.

Useful commands

  • npm run build compile typescript to js
  • npm run watch watch for changes and compile
  • cdk deploy deploy this stack to your default AWS account/region
  • cdk diff compare deployed stack with current state
  • cdk synth emits the synthesized CloudFormation template